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How valid are UK and EU claims to be leading the world in decarbonising their economies? Much of this
answer depends upon how you allocate responsibility for carbon emissions between countries. Under
the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, countries are responsible for carbon emissions
produced within their borders. But in an increasingly globalised world, citizens of wealthier countries are
consuming a growing percentage of goods and services produced in developing countries. Are we simply off‐shoring our carbon emissions? This research note examines the record of, among others, the EU, China and the US from 1990 until 2006 (the most recent year for which data is available). We calculate estimates for the emissions consumed within each country, and compare these to the UNFCCC (Kyoto) carbon production emissions. Carbon consumption includes emissions embedded within traded goods and services. Our analysis makes a number of assumptions and generalisations, but the findings are broadly in line with existing academic findings, where these exist.


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Adaptation policy and practice in densely populated glacier-fed river basins of South Asia: a systematic review

Trade Facilitation through Economic Corridors in South Asia: The Pakistan Perspective



Pakistan is reforming its public-sector enterprises dealing with nationwide connectivity, developing a National Trade Corridor (NTC), and opening up the transport and communication sectors to foreign direct investment (FDI). Linking Pakistan to Central Asia, and South Asia through road and rail networks is high on the government’s agenda. To facilitate connectivity, a $9-billion program has been initiated for the NTC, which is expected to be completed in the next few years, but may take longer due to fiscal constraints. This substantial networking is intended to facilitate connectivity with Pakistan’s neighboring countries, and better integrate the urban and rural economies, small and medium enterprises (SMEs), and urban wholesale, retail, and warehousing sectors with port cities.

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Formation of Glacial Lakes in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas and GLOF Risk Assessment

Addressing Climate Change Issues and solutions from around the world

Catalyzing Climate and Disaster Resilience Processes for Identifying Tangible and Economically Robust Strategies

Global Climate Change (CC) resulting from an increasing concentration of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere has become an accepted and major theme in today‘s world.  According to the Intergovernmental Panel  on  Climate Change (IPCC), the average temperature of the earth increased by 0.6 ° C over the last century and it is expected to further increase by 1.4 to 5.8 º C by the end of the current century. These changes in temperature are but the crest of the many environmental, social  and  political  issues  which  will  follow in  the  wake of  the changing climate. Unfortunately the major causes of a rapidly warming climate can be attributed to anthropogenic activities such as the burning of fuel, the depletion of forests and changes in land use (conversion of forest into agriculture land).


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The effects of climate change and industrial pollution are joining to thicken the toxic blanket over South Asia as well as disperse pollution globally, maybe even affecting the monsoon


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Pakistan’s draft National Water Policy looks to a future dominated by the impacts of climate change, advocates water pricing and highlights regional cooperation challenges


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